2nd Border Regiment, Bareilly 1899 (forum archive)

The home of the Lonsdale Battalion 1914-1918
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Information icon4.svg The following text has been archived here from our sister site, the Border Regiment Forum, which is set to close in January 2018.
A wiki-based copy of that original post has been preserved here for reference purposes. Note: only selected posts from the forum have been archived (find out why).
File alt font awesome.svg Posted by plbramham » Sat Feb 25, 2012 1:58 pm
Avatar-plbramham.jpg

plbramham
General
Global moderator
Posts: 1369

Noticing that the 2nd Btn’s posting in 1899 was Bareilly I wondered where it was: (From Encyclopedia Britannica 1901)
BAREILLY, or Bareli, a city and district of British India in the Bareilly or Rohilkhand division of the United Provinces. The city is situated on the Ramganga river, 812 m. N.W. from Calcutta by rail. Pop. (1901) 131,208. The principal buildings are two mosques built in the 17th century; a modern fort overlooking the cantonments; the railway station, which is an important junction on the Oudh and Rohilkhand line; the palace of the nawab of Rampur, and the government college. Bareilly is the headquarters of a brigade in the 7th division of the eastern army corps. The chief manufactures are furniture and upholstery. Bareilly College is a seat of upper class learning for the surrounding districts. It is conducted by an English staff, and its course includes the subjects for degrees in the Calcutta University.
In 1901 Bareilly was the headquarters of a brigade in the 7th division of the eastern army corps in British period. In 1914 the 7th (Meerut) Division was part of Indian Expeditionary Force A sent to reinforce the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) fighting in France. The bulk constituted an infantry division as part of Indian Corps, while the Meerut Cavalry Brigade was detached to form part of 2nd Indian Cavalry Division in the Indian Cavalry Corps. While in France the division was known as the Meerut Division, and its brigades by their names, to avoid confusion with the 7th British Division. Despatch from India was delayed by the activities of the German raiders Emden and Konigsberg operating in the Indian Ocean, and by the slow speed of the transport vessels. The division landed at Marseilles 12–14 October 1914, but there were further delays while the troops were re-armed with the latest pattern rifle, and the supply train could be improvised, using tradesmen's vans procured locally. The division finally got into action at the Battles of La Bassee, 1st Messines and Armentieres in October–November 1914
Bareilly (Rohilkhand) was a major centre during The Indian Rebellion of 1857. There was a widespread popular revolt in many areas such as Awadh, Bundelkhand and Rohilkhand. The rebellion was therefore more than just a military rebellion, and it spanned more than one region and led to ugly communal riots. The green flag was hoisted in Bareilly, Bijnor, Moradabad, and other places .The Rohillas were formerly the ruling race of the tract of country called Rohilkhand, and are men of a taller stature, a fairer complexion and a more arrogant air than the general inhabitants of the district. The Rohillas took a very active part against the English in 1857, but since then they have been disarmed. (written 1901) . Bishop Heber described them as follows: - "The country is burdened with a crowd of lazy, profligate, self-called sawars (cavaliers), who, though many of them are not worth a rupee, conceive it derogatory to their gentility and Pathan blood to apply themselves to any honest industry, and obtain for the most part a precarious livelihood by sponging on the industrious tradesmen and farmers, on whom they levy a sort of blackmail, or as hangers-on to the wealthy and noble families yet remaining in the province. These men have no visible means of maintenance and no visible occupation except that of lounging up and down with their swords and shields.
File alt font awesome.svg Posted by plbramham » Wed Oct 31, 2012 4:24 pm
Avatar-plbramham.jpg

plbramham
General
Global moderator
Posts: 1369

Images from postcards c.1910