The Armistice of the First World War saw the cessation of hostilities on the Western Front between the Allies and Germany. It was also known as the Armistice of Compiègne after the location in which it was signed. It went into effect at 11am Paris time on 11 November 1918 ("the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month"), and marked a victory for the Allies and a complete defeat for Germany, although not formally a surrender. The actual terms, largely written by French Marshal and Supreme Commander of the Allied Armies Ferdinand Foch, included the cessation of hostilities, the withdrawal of German troops to behind their own borders, the preservation of infrastructure, the exchange of prisoners, a promise of reparations, the disposition of German warships and submarines, and conditions for prolonging or terminating the armistice. Although the armistice ended the actual fighting, it took six months of negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference to conclude the peace treaty, the Treaty of Versailles.
References / notes
- Armistice of 11 November 1918. Wikipedia: The free encyclopedia. Accessed 18 April 2017.
Glossary of terms and customs
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