Brampton, Carlisle

The home of the Lonsdale Battalion and the Border Regiment in the First World War
Jump to: navigation, search
Brampton
Brampton, Market Place - geograph.org.uk - 759295.jpg
The market place in Brampton in 2008
Loading map...
Brampton shown within Cumbria
Population 4,627 (2011) [1]
Coordinates 54.942°N 2.734°W
OS grid ref NY 53039 61081
Civil parish Brampton
District City of Carlisle
Shire county Cumbria
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Statue of Hadrian

Brampton is a small market town, civil parish and electoral ward within the City of Carlisle district of Cumbria, England, about 9 miles (14 km) east of Carlisle and 2 miles (3.2 km) south of Hadrian's Wall. Historically part of Cumberland, it is situated off the A69 road which bypasses it. Brampton railway station, on the Newcastle and Carlisle Railway, is about a mile outside the town, near the hamlet of Milton.

St Martin's Church is famous as the only church designed by the Pre-Raphaelite architect Philip Webb, and contains one of the most exquisite sets of stained glass windows designed by Sir Edward Burne-Jones, and executed in the William Morris studio.

History[edit]

The town was founded in the 7th century as an Anglian settlement.[2]

Brampton was granted a Market Charter in 1252 by King Henry III, and became a market town as a result.[3]

During the Jacobite rising of 1745, Charles Edward Stuart stayed in the town for one night, marked by a plaque on the wall of the building (a shoe shop) currently occupying the location; here he received the Mayor of Carlisle who had been summoned to Brampton to surrender the city to the Young Pretender. The Capon Tree Monument, to the south of the town centre, commemorates the 1746 hanging of six Jacobites from the branches of the Capon Tree, Brampton's hitherto traditional trysting place.[4]

In 1817 the Earl of Carlisle built the octagonal Moot Hall, which is in the centre of Brampton and houses the Tourist Information Centre. It replaced a 1648 building which was once used by Oliver Cromwell to house prisoners.

Much of Brampton consists of historic buildings built of the local red sandstone.

Education[edit]

Brampton's secondary school is the William Howard School, known as Irthing Valley School until 1980 when it was amalgamated with Brampton's White House School and took on a larger catchment area, with pupils from as far away as Alston and Penrith.

Brampton and Beyond Community Trust[edit]

Brampton and Beyond Community Trust[5] is a community-based development trust serving Brampton and the surrounding area in north east Cumbria. The Trust became a registered company and a registered charity in July 2010. The Trust aims to provide accessible, affordable and responsive services for local people and seeks to be self-financing. In 2011, the Brampton and Beyond Community Trust formally took over the assets of Brampton Community Association together with responsibility for the operation of the Brampton Community Centre.

Walkers are Welcome[edit]

In 2011, Brampton became the 66th town in the United Kingdom and the second in Cumbria to gain Walkers are Welcome status.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Glossary of terms[edit]

This article forms part of our glossary of places, people and military terminology. Please feel free to help improve this content.
Browse other terms: ContentsA B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z