Chronology of the War
Notes from the publication The Chronology has been compiled with the greatest care from the most reliable authorities — English, French and German — and where these give different dates for the same event every effort has been made to arrive at the right one. At the same time, it cannot be denied that where equally good authorities (even official ones in some cases) differ, it is more than possible that some errors may have crept in. The Editors do not, however, wish to overburden the text by giving the various authorities for conflicting dates; they must therefore content themselves with appealing to their readers to assist them in discovering any errors, fixing the correct dates, and notifying them for correction in a subsequent issue.
Major General Lord Gleichen's best thanks are due to Professor F. J. C. Hearnshaw (of King's College, London University) for his valuable assistance in the early stages as well as for compiling the Tables and Index and the Pre-War portion (up to July 2) of the 1914 part; also to the twelve or more ladies and gentlemen who acted as compilers, and particularly to the Assistant-Editor, Mr. L. C. Jane (of the War Trade Intelligence Department). Mr. J. W. Headlam-Morley and Mr. H. C. O'Neill (of the Department of Information) also assisted with advice in the early stages.
The date of an event should first be looked out in the Index; additional information is sometimes given in the Tables or Appendices.
In the Pre-War and Tabular Parts, Sundays are marked by the day of the month being in heavy type, thus: Oct. 24. The more important events are also given in heavy type.
The figures in brackets in the Tabular part refer to the Appendices.
Spelling of Place-names: This very thorny subject has been settled by using the 1: 1,000,000 Map (Royal Geographical Society and General Staff) as the main authority, whilst spelling the better-known places in the ordinary English way.
- "Western Front" Comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland.
- "Eastern Front" Comprises the German-Russian, Austro-Russian and Austro-Rumanian fronts.
- "Southern Front" Comprises the Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Rumanian) fronts, and Dardanelles.
- "Asiatic and Egyptian theatres" Comprises Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (includ Transcaucasia), Arabia, Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc.
- "Naval and overseas operations" Comprises operations on the seas and in Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc.
- "Political, etc." Comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. (These include mobilisations, dec-larations of war and similar semi-military matters. Diplomatic documents or despatches referring to definite active operations come under the column concerned, e.g., a Note on the sinking of the "Lusitania" would come under "Naval", but a Note on submarine warfare in general would come under "Political").
On all the fronts, unfamiliar localities are generally defined by the name of some well-known district or place being given in brackets alongside; but when this is difficult on the Eastern or Western Front, the letters N., C. or S. (Northern, Centre or Southern) are given. On the Western Front the "Centre" includes all ground between lines running East and West through Compiègne and through Nancy (inclusive), and on the Eastern Front through Grodno and through Kolomea (inclusive).
References / notes
- Except where carried out in combination with troops on land; in this case the event comes under the Front concerned. (E.g., a combined bombardment of the Belgian coast from sea and land would fall under "Western Front".