A Colonel, abbreviated to Col., is a senior military officer rank. It resides above that of Lieutenant Colonel and below that of Brigadier. Historically, in the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries, a Colonel was typically the chief commander in charge of a regiment in the British Army (originally the leader of a column). Modern usage, however, varies greatly. A Colonel was the chief acting officer of artillery or engineer regiments is always a colonel, but in the infantry and cavalry he is frequently known as a Lieutenant Colonel, the full rank being often conferred as a honorary distinction upon some Royal or distinguished personage. A colonel or Lt-colonel's pay varies from £328 to £447 a year according to the branch of the service. 
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Glossary of terms and customs
This page forms part of our glossary of words and phrases of the Armed Forces of the United Kingdom of Great Britain during the Great War, which also includes: technicalities, trench slang, expressions in everyday use, nicknames, sobriquets, the titles and origins of British and Commonwealth Regiments, and warfare in general. Please feel free to help expand and improve this content.
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