Entrenching is the act of digging in to secure or consolidate a soldier's own position. Entrenching can involve digging a billet or other temporary shelter to entire trench systems, used extensively throughout the First and Second World Wars. The use of entrenching tools made the task considerably easier, something troops would have trained to do as part of their basic training. Entrenching also involved consolidating a captured position in much the same way as to protect oneself and your fellow comrades against all counter-attacks. 
References / notes
- Edward Fraser and John Gibbons (1925). Soldier and Sailor Words and Phrases. Routledge, London p.77.
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