K1 refers to the first 100,000 men to enlist as a result of Field Marshal Earl Kitchener's famous recruiting campaign of 'Your King and Country Needs You' at the very start of the First World War. This strategic campaign was first published on 11 August 1914, just one week after Britain declared war on Germany. Within two weeks the figure of 100,000 men was realized and six new Divisions were formed from these volunteers. These were called K1 of Kitchener's Army and saw action in the Battle of Loos in the autumn of 1915, and again in the Battle of the Somme in July 1916.
K1 consisted of the following Divisions:
- 9th (Scottish) Division
- 10th (Irish) Division
- 11th (Northern) Division
- 12th (Eastern) Division
- 13th (Western) Division
- 14th (Light) Division
Glossary of terms and customs
This page forms part of our glossary of words and phrases of the Armed Forces of the United Kingdom of Great Britain during the Great War, which also includes: technicalities, trench slang, expressions in everyday use, nicknames, sobriquets, the titles and origins of British and Commonwealth Regiments, and warfare in general. Please feel free to help expand and improve this content.
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References / notes
- Was my soldier in "Kitchener's Army"? Chris Baker. The Long, Long Trail. Accessed 3 August 2016.
- The official start of the war is dated 28 July, 1914 as a result of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, an event that had a knock-on effect and ultimately led to many nations declaring war on each other.
- The 14th (Light) Division was originally titled the 8th (Light) Division, however, when the 8th Division of the Regular Army was formed in September 1914, the 8th (Light) Division was renumbered to the 14th.