The Great War:1 January

The home of the Lonsdale Battalion 1914-1918
Great War events that took place on 1 January.

1915 (Friday)[edit source | hide | hide all]

  • French take a wood near Mesnil-les-Hurlus, Champagne.
  • Russians advance on the Uzsok Pass and in the Bukovina.
  • Heavy fighting at Sarikamish (Russian Armenia).
  • HMS Formidable torpedoed by German submarine and sunk in the English Channel.
  • Institution of the Military Cross announced (Warrant of 28 December 1914).
  • Dr. John Clifford's speech at Westbourne Park Chapel.

1916 (Saturday)[edit source | hide]

  • Russian Offensive on the Strypa and the Styr (Galicia).[note 1] Indecisive fighting in the north throughout the month.[note 2]
  • King Peter of Serbia reaches Salonika.
  • British take Yaunde (Cameroons).
  • Canada increases her overseas force to 500,000.
  • Tsar appointed British Field Marshal.

1917 (Monday)[edit source | hide]

  • Normal activity proceeding. Sir Douglas Haig promoted to Field Marshal.
  • Stubborn fighting in Carpathians on Moldavian frontier; slight enemy progress at various points. Enemy in touch with Sereth lines at Focsani and Fundeni.
  • Further enemy progress at the Macin bridgehead (Dobruja).
  • General Sir R. Wingate becomes High Commissioner of Egypt.
  • Transport Ivernia sunk by submarine in Mediterranean; 153 missing.
  • British carry German lines near Lissaki in the Mgeta valley (German East Africa), and pursue enemy towards the Rufiji valley at Kibambawe.
  • Publication of denunciation by Turkey of Treaty of Paris (1856) and Treaty of Berlin (1878).

1918 (Tuesday)[edit source | hide]

  • German raids near Loos, Mericourt, and on other portions of front fail.
  • French repulse raid at Beaumont (Verdun).
  • Reported German peace term cause consternation in Russia and denounced as annexationist.[note 3]
  • M. Litvinov appointed Bolshevik Plenipotentiary in London.
  • Austrians bomb [assano, Treviso and Mestre (Venice).
  • Successful British raid across the Piave river.
  • Austrians driven from Zenson.
  • British advance continues north of Jerusalem.
  • HMS Arbutus and HMS Grive (small vessels) reported torpedoed.
  • Inter-allied War Purchases Committee meets in Paris.
  • Calcutta: All-India Moslem Association formed.[note 4]

Notes[edit source | hide]

  1. General Ivanov began an offensive at the close of December and the beginning of January on a 250-mile front from the Pripet marshes to the Rumanian frontier. Heavy losses were suffered on both sides and no decisive results were obtained, but the offensive gave the Allies time to consolidate their position at Salonika.
  2. Russian aim in the northern sector was gradually to push the Germans out of their positions beforeRiga and Drinks: by content local attacks they deprived the Germans of the winter's rest promised to them by Hindenburg.
  3. Petrograd reports that German Peace Note declares occupation of Poland, Courland, Lithuania and Estonia to be an indispensable condition of peace. News of departure of British and French ships from Archangel creates deep impression and is considered premature by friends of Western Powers.
  4. "All-Indian Moselm Association," under Prince of Arcot, formed in Calcutta to oppose Home Rule doctrines of "Indian National Congress" and "All-Indian Moslem League."

Acknowledgements[edit source | hide]

Various sources contemporary to the war have been used to compile The Great War:On This Day. The majority of events, additional notes and other appendices such as statistical data etc., have been primarily sourced from reprints of the following copyright-expired publications: The information in these works were correct at the time of their respective publication dates. In some instances the information may not accurately represent correct spelling of place names and geographical / political boundaries due to modern-day changes since the Armistice. All other sources have been referenced separately where appropriate.