7th Battalion War Diary, August 1915
| 7th Border Regiment War Diary Transcriptions (1915-1917) |
The National Archives WO/95/2008
| 7th Westmoreland and Cumberland Yeomanry Battalion (1917-1918) |
The National Archives WO95/....
|This war diary page forms part of the Border Regiment Portal|
This is the continuation of the July diary from the copy. Like July's, it too was written on graph paper in note form instead of the standard issue C.2118 Army Form. Each of the original pages are numbered on the top right hand corner. July and half of August are numbered from 1 to 5, whilst the remaining pages for August are numbered from 6 to 8. Each entry is signed, although it is unclear by whom. The adjutant at the time was Captain C.G. Page but the signature does not seem to match this.
The addition of appendices 1, 2 and 3 were originally typed.
|Place||Date||Hour||Summary of Events|
|51st Brigade, being in Corps Reserve, proceeded to bivouacs near KRUISTRAAT arriving at 3.30am.|
|Nothing special occurred, a few shells in the vicinity.|
|“B” Coy returned from SANCTUARY WOOD.|
|In same bivouacs, B Coy, 2 platoons each day, went to St. ETOI trenches for instruction.|
|Left bivouacs at 11pm and returned to billets RENINGHELST.|
|In billets RENINGHELST.|
|Heard sounds of terrific bombardment from 2am to 7am near HOOGE.|
|In billets RENINGHELST. This period characterised by excessive number of night working parties. The parties were much too big and from reports much confusion & little work resulted.|
|Bn took over the “P” trenches near VOORMEZEELE from 9th Noth’d Fusiliers. Owing to misdirection relief not complete till 3am.|
|A Quiet day and nothing of note occurred. The P trenches are about 150 yards from enemy on an [? - array]. Our trenches consist of breastworks in most cases. The difficulties of water are great there is no fit supply in trenches and all water has to be brought down a long C.T. which takes nearly an hour to traverse.|
|Quiet day. Some shelling of P4 by light field guns.|
|Quiet day. At night enemy fired trench mortar into P1. Total casualties caused [illegible] 1 killed & 3 wounded.|
|The Enemy appear to be Bavarian, a Bavarian & German flag was stuck up in enemy’s parapet last night and our bombers threw 12 bombs into a working party in enemy’s parapet last night. A signaler was killed in P3 from looking over the parapet. The men are inclined to do this at present.|
|150 shells from light field gun (“whizz bang”) fired at P4. All missed parapet and went well over. Very noticeable how Germans seem to fire large number of shells at exactly the same spot without correcting. They put about 30 H.E. Shells from Howitzer today in almost exactly the same spot midway between our first and second line.|
|Should be mentioned 8th S. Staffords are on our left and 52nd Brigade on our right. Our Howitzers did some good shooting today and put about 30 shells into Enemy’s front and 2nd line trenches.|
|Very quiet days and nights, nothing worthy of note has occurred. [? - Array] [? - given] to [?] rations, water & trench stoves working well. Water is carried in petrol tins and each man gets about 1 ½ pints per diem for all purposes. Rations are carried in pairs of sand bags, 12 men’s rations in each pair of bags.|
|Reports received that our parades has been hit several times by shots coming from the rear, probably 52nd Brigade snipers aiming at wrong mark. Quiet day!|
|Quiet day and nothing to report.|
|Enemy artillery searching for our batteries in rear, apparently without success. Only casual sniping from Enemy’s trenches. No activity of note.|
|Bn relived by 10th West Yorks. Relief [illegible] successfully completed without casualty by 11.30pm. Bn marched back to billets at RENINGHELST.|
|At rest in RENINGHELST.|
|Bn is to be lent to 3rd Division and proceed to SANCTUARY WOOD Nr HOOGE tomorrow night.|
|Marched to KRUISTRAAT where met guides and took over A12. B1. B2. R4. R5. Trenches from 1st Lincolns.|
|Summary of BATTLE CASUALTIES for July & August see Appendix 2.|
|Major||W.R. Foran||2nd in Command|
|Hon. Lieut.||S. Ashby||Quarter-Master|
|Capt.||Q.V.B. Wallace (RAMC) ||M.O.|
|Lieut.||D.F.K. Webster||Machine Gun Offr.|
|2nd Lieut.||A.G. Rigby||Signalling Offr.|
|Capt. & Rev.||L.G. Mannering||Chaplain|
|Capt.||J.H. Grogan||B’de. Transpt. Offr.|
|2nd Lieut.||L. Birch|
|2nd Lieut.||C.H.M. Whiteside|
|2nd Lieut.||J.C. White|
|2nd Lieut.||J.M. Lee|
|2nd Lieut.||J.P. Edgar|
|2nd Lieut.||T.D. Noble|
|2nd Lieut.||T.M. Swan|
|Regl. No.||Rank & Name.||Date.||Details.|
|12345||Pte. Brown C.||30.7.15|
|14921||Pte. Butler H.H.||4.8.15.|
|16166||Pte. Barnsley A.||31.7.15.|
|5404||L/Cpl Cameron J.||24.8.15.|
|13140||Pte. Cameron R.||18.8.15|
|14962||Pte. Hunter E.W.||23.8.15||Died of Wounds|
|18421||Pte. House. R.||26.8.15|
|12856||Pte. Walker J.D.||26.8.15||Died of Wounds|
|Regl. No.||Rank & Name.||Date.||Details.|
|7/14842||Pte. Moss C.||6.8.15|
|7/12624||Pte. Allen T.||20.8.15||Accidentally Wounded|
|7/12868||Pte. Carr R.||26.8.15||Accidentally Wounded|
|7/14580||Pte. Buckham T.||19.8.15|
|7/20090||Pte. Bunting F.||27.8.15|
|7/12867||Pte. Colling A.||13.8.15|
|7/16545||Pte. Crooks F.C.||17.8.15|
|7/18454||Pte. Collins A.||19.8.15|
|7/14634||Pte. Davis C.||19.8.15|
|7/12617||Pte. Ellison J.||21.8.15|
|7/12637||Pte. Green F.A.||4.8.15||Accidentally Wounded|
|7/12682||Pte. Havelock R.||22.8.15|
|7/16552||Pte. Leach W.H.||17.8.15|
|7/12167||Pte. McCarth R.||20.8.15|
|7/17742||Pte. McCluskey M.||22.8.15|
|7/20102||Pte. Scott A.||31.7.15|
|7/12429||Pte. Sawyer S.J.||26.8.15|
- WASTAGE FROM SICK – JULY & AUGUST = 16
References / notes
- National Archives Catalogue Reference: WO/95/2008
- The transcription above is available under the National Archives Open Government Licence for public sector information.
- Northumberland Fusiliers.
- Communication Trench.
- High Explosive.
- Per Diem is Latin meaning 'per day' or 'for each day'.
- Royal Army Medical Corps.
- Medical Officer.
- Please note that the Regimental prefix No. not scanned on copy.