Army: The term “Army” had this specific Western Front meaning in the Great War. The original British Expeditionary Force of seven divisions was, early in the War, formed into three Army Corps. As additional troops arrived these were formed into additional Army Corps. On 25 December, 1914, the term “Army” was specially introduced and two Armies were formed by grouping the existing Army Corps. The “First Army” comprising the 1st, 4th and Indian Corps, was placed under Sir Douglas (now Earl) Haig; the “Second Army” comprising the 2nd and 3rd Army Corps and the 27th Division, was placed under Sir Horace Smith Dorrien. To prevent confusion thenceforward what had been known as Army Corps, dropped the “Army” and were termed “Corps” simply.
References / notes
- Edward Fraser and John Gibbons (1925). Soldier and Sailor Words and Phrases. Routledge, London p.9.
Glossary of terms and customs
This page forms part of our glossary of words and phrases of the Armed Forces of the United Kingdom of Great Britain during the Great War, which also includes: technicalities, trench slang, expressions in everyday use, nicknames, sobriquets, the titles and origins of British and Commonwealth Regiments, and warfare in general. Please feel free to help expand and improve this content.
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