Non-Combatant: A term applied to civilians, men, women, and children, who do not take an active part in a war, and who, if found by an enemy engaged in peaceful occupation and not in possession of arms, are entitled to elementary rights of protection according to the established usages of civilised warfare. International Law guarantees them their lives and property, and that they shall not be required to take part in the military operations of the enemy. They are liable to provide supplies (which will be paid for by receipt), they may be called upon to act as guides, and they may be required to do services for the enemy outside their ordinary work. They are under martial law, and any disobedience is punishable with death.
References / notes
- Various contributors (1914). The War Book-of-Facts. 2nd Edition. A.W. Shaw Company, London p.144.
Glossary of terms and customs
This page forms part of our glossary of words and phrases of the Armed Forces of the United Kingdom of Great Britain during the Great War, which also includes: technicalities, trench slang, expressions in everyday use, nicknames, sobriquets, the titles and origins of British and Commonwealth Regiments, and warfare in general. Please feel free to help expand and improve this content.
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