Lonsdale Battalion events that took place on 31 December.
- Bedding return for A Company: blankets 828, mattresses 303 bolsters [pillows] 303.
- Letter from Lt-Col. Machell: “....I consulted the Committee of the Cumberland Infirmary, who have agreed to allow men of the Battalion under my command to occupy up to thirty beds provided that the cases are suitable for admission, and that there is room.” 
- Newspaper article: A Perpetual Stream of Bullets.
- Newspaper article: Footballs and Cards to Hand.
- Battalion is relieved by the 17th Highland Light Infantry, moving to billets at Aveluy, close behind the lines.
- Involved in fatigue duties for the Royal Engineers.
- Battalion situated at Puchevillers. Church parade.
- 150 other ranks involved in working parties on railhead etc.
- Fitting and testing of new small box respirators.
- Battalion situated at Tournehem. Companies at the disposal of Company Commanders; cleaning of billets and reconnoitering training grounds.
References / notes
Material from Timeline/Chronology of the Lonsdale Battalion (September 1914 - May 1915) are sourced from the DLONS/L/13/13 Lowther Estate Archives. Entries from this timeline are reproduced here with kind permission of Jim Lowther and are not available under the license of this site. Please do not publish these extracts on other publicly visible media without prior permission from the copyright holder.
- Record No. DLONS/L/13/13/58
- Record No. DLONS/L/13/13/88
- Workington Star and Harrington Guardian, published 31 December, 1915.
- 11th Battalion War Diary, November to December 1915
- Fatigue duty is the employment of manual labour assigned to military men that does not necessitate the use of weaponry.
- 11th Battalion War Diary, December 1916
- A group of soldiers (or prisoners) that are assigned to perform manual tasks or duties, for their own or other units.
- A railhead, depending on context, has two distinct meanings: 1) the topmost part of the rail profile on which the wheels run and, 2) a terminus of a railway line, especially one that is unfinished or if a terminus interfaces with other modes of transport.
- 11th Battalion War Diary, December 1917